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Types of Rock:

The rocks make the routes. Knowing the geology of different areas affects the nature of climbing. 


Formed from the particles of sand, shells, pebbles, and other fragments of materials, collectively called sediment, that become cemented together. Examples: sandstone and limestone

New River Gorge, WV New River Gorge, WV -  Widely varied, featured with cracks, pockets and many unique holds


Formed under the surface of the earth due to the intense heat and pressure. Examples: quartzite and marble


Seneca Rocks, WVSeneca Rocks, WV -  Smooth, hard rock featured with inconsistent cracks and edges


Formed when molten rock cools and hardens. The characteristics depend on the mineral composition and the rate at which the rock cools. Examples: basalt and granite 

* There are no distinguished climbing areas in West Virginia that feature igneous rock. 

Rock Cycle

Like energy, the minerals that make up rocks cannot be created or destroyed. Rocks are continually changing from one type to another!

rock cycle